2016 Ten scientific breakthroughs revealed the gravitational wave wins the first prize

      The United States, "Science" magazine on the 22th announced its selection of 2016 ten major scientific breakthroughs, "time ripples," said the gravitational wave was found to be the number one breakthrough this year.



      "When journalists and editors gather together to discuss major scientific news this year, we have not spent much time choosing the 'number one breakthrough in the year'," "Science" news editor Tim Afpenele in a statement "There are a lot of great achievements in 2016, but the discovery of gravitational waves is higher than that of all other events."

      In February, researchers at the LIGO project in the United States jointly announced that they used two detectors from LIGO to detect the gravitational wave signals from two black holes combined on September 14, 2015 The This fills the last puzzle of Einstein's generalized relativistic experiment validation.

      "Science" magazine's interpretation of the article said that the discovery of gravitational waves confirmed Einstein's prediction in a century ago, "shook the scientific community." This success is hard to come by, because Einstein himself has doubted whether the gravity wave really exists, and even if it exists, it may be too weak to detect. "Now, physicists are looking forward to what will happen next, because gravitational waves can explore the universe in new ways."

      Gravitational wave discovery has received several major international awards this year, including the annual US "Science Breakthrough Award", which is also selected by the British "Nature" magazine selected 2016 major scientific events.

      "Science" magazine selected this year, another nine major scientific breakthroughs are:
The nearest extrasolar planets are the closest stars from the solar system. This year, astronomers have discovered a geoid planet that runs around the neighbors, whose surface temperature is theoretically suitable for liquid water. They believe that this newly discovered world provides the best opportunity for a detailed study of extrasolar planets.

      "Man-machine war" computer win: artificial intelligence program "Alpha Go" beat the world's second-ranked Korean player Li Shishi. Just 10 years ago, many experts believe that the computer will never win over the human world champion.
Kill the aging cells Bao youth: published in February this year, an animal study shows that removal of aging cells can make the organs of mice more healthy, so that life extension of more than 20%. The same team also reported in October that the removal of senescent cells could help mice reduce the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

      A study of chimpanzees, bonobos and orangutans shows that the apes may also speculate on the minds of "others" and even know that "others" are not right, which means that The similarity between apes and humans may be beyond our previous knowledge.

      Design of artificial proteins: Scientists have learned to design and synthesize non-natural proteins that lay the foundation for the development of new drugs and materials.

      In vitro fertilization of eggs: Japanese researchers use the mouse to induce multifunctional stem cells, the first full in vitro to develop normal eggs, and through artificial insemination to obtain healthy offspring.

      Out of Africa: Three independent studies have shown that the ancestors of most people outside Africa can be traced back to tens of thousands of years ago to move out of Africa.

      Handheld Sequencer: British Oxford Nano Pore uses a breakthrough technology called nanopores to develop hand-held DNA sequencers. Compared with the prior art, this sequencing method is more convenient and inexpensive.

      High material lens: Harvard University researchers use a high of about 600 nanometers of titanium dioxide "nano-brick" piled out a thin, such as paper, ultra-material lens. If you can widely used, the future of smart phones and cameras will become super thin.
      
      Source: Xinhua Network